Data indicate that there will be more than 2 million Brazilians victims of cancer from 2023 to 2025; of these, non-melanoma skin cancer remains the most incident
from the newsroom
The tropical climate in Brazil contributes to cases of skin cancer / Photo: wavebreakmedia_micro by Freepik
The National Cancer Institute (INCA) recalls a worrying fact for Brazilians: from 2023 to 2025, there will be more than 2 million diagnoses of the disease in the country, with at least 704 thousand cases registered every 12 months of the triennium. Based on these data, the non-melanoma skin cancer remains the most frequent among Brazilians — they represent 31.3% of the total number of cases, far surpassing the breast cancer (10.5%) and prostate (10.2%).
Like all types of cancer, the sooner it is detected, the greater the chances of cure. “Our tropical climate contributes to more exposure to ultraviolet rays, which are great villains for skin cancer”, explains Suelen Martins, oncologist and researcher.
The doctor points out that the periodic use of sunscreen is essential to protect the skin against cancer. But it is necessary to know which protection is the most suitable for each skin. “Each skin has a different indication of sunscreen, especially in relation to the level of protection. The important thing is to always iron it, even on non-sunny days and even in places where the light is artificial, like in homes and offices”, she says. And she adds: “At the beach or pool where exposure is more intense, care should also be taken when using it and reappliing every 2-3 hours”, says the doctor.
It is common for people — especially women — to use the well-known foundations on their skin, in order to bring about a more uniform appearance and hide some defects. There are several types on the market, including foundations with sun protection. It can be a breath of fresh air, after all, there are two products in one — foundation and sunscreen.
“Depending on each foundation and the protection factor, if it is suitable for your skin, it can be used on a daily basis”, guarantees the oncologist. “But the evaluation of each case must be done by the dermatologist. If the exposure is longer and more intense, such as at the beach, the use of a sunscreen with greater protection power should be the most indicated”, she warns.
Ideally, the disease, in order to be successfully fought, is discovered in its early stages. But you need to know how to identify the initial symptoms. “The most typical signs of skin cancer are related to spots, nodules or ulcers that can appear on the skin with specific characteristics”, observes the oncologist and researcher. Here are the main characteristics of these spots and lesions: